The term Salsa refers to a variety of Latin dances with origins in Cuba and Puerto Rico, with regional differences both here in the US and in the Latin American region creating a host of different Salsa ”flavors.” The Mambo, Rumba and Cha-Cha contributed much of the dance’s basic steps, but the word “Salsa” itself is relatively recent, having been coined by an American record company that specialized in that particular style of music.
History of Salsa Dance
Forget about health care reform. Want to hear a really fiery debate? Try asking Latin dance experts about the history of Salsa and how it developed, and you’ll hear as many theories as there are experts in your sample. What is universally accepted, however, is that contemporary Salsa evolved as the offspring from a number of different Latin dances, from the Mambo to the Rumba to the Cha-Cha.
Much of Salsa’s origins can be traced back to the creation of the Rumba and Mambo in Cuba in the 30s and 40s. Those dances grew out of the African slave communities in Cuba, whose ancestors brought their rhythmic instruments and dance moves to the New World in the 16th century. Cuban and Puerto Rican musicians and singers made their way to the American mainland in the 20th century interwar-years and forged indelible alliances with the thriving African-American jazz community. Soon, renowned Latin musicians such as Desi Arnaz, Carmen Miranda, Celia Cruz, and Tito Puente had popularized Latin music and dance and brought them into mainstream America.
Salsa came into full flower in New York in the 60s thanks to Fania Records, an independent label that produced some of the most innovative music of the period. Fania needed a catchy term to attach to its artists’ unique fusion of Latin, Spanish, and African rhythms and styles, and the “Salsa” craze was born.
How to Dance the Salsa/Basic Steps
Salsa dance has plenty of variations, but here’s a basic step (for leaders) that beginners can easily master:
Start with your feet in closed position (side by side).
Step forward with your left foot, rocking slightly.
Return weight to the right foot.
Step your left foot back into closed position.
Step backward with your right foot, rocking slightly.
Return weight to the left foot.
Step your right foot back into closed position.
Like most Latin dances, Salsa dancing has a number of variations, a testament to its origins as a mélange of different styles. Depending on where you live — New York City, LA, Miami, and all points in between — you might, for example, choose to do either the Step A vs Step B. There are some things to keep in mind when learning to dance the Salsa, though:
Although exceptions occur, Salsa music is generally written in 4/4 time, and a full Salsa dance step is performed in two measures (total of eight beats), with the first measure for one foot and the second measure for the other foot.
Typically, the leader (usually the man) and follower (usually the woman) start in the Closed Position. Here, the two dancers face each other, with the leader holding the follower’s right hand with his left. His right hand rests on the follower’s back, while the follower places her left hand on the leader’s shoulder. Close eye contact is maintained.
As with many other dances, much of the movement in Salsa dancing centers in the hips, legs and feet. Keep your steps loose and fluid, and pay attention to the beat of the music.
Great Salsa Dance Songs
“Coco Seco” – Tito Puente “Cúcala” – Celia Cruz “Déjame en Paz” – Johnny Colon “El Cantante” – Marc Anthony “Hacha y Machete” – Hector Lavoe “Thinking of You” – Lenny Kravitz